Zoning is a means of promoting the public health, safety, and general welfare by dividing a community into districts or zones, each of which has a set of regulations (i.e. land use, building height and size, setbacks, site layout etc.) that are essential for development. The authority and process to zone properties within a city is defined in the State of Texas Local Government Codes.
From time to time, landowners may make application to change the zoning on his/her property, revise existing conditions relative to its use or development, or seek a special permit for a specific activity on the site. In order for a change to take place, public hearings must be held before both the City Plan Commission and the City Council. A public hearing before the City Plan Commission is essentially a fact-finding session, leading to a recommendation to the City Council. The final outcome of the request for a change in zoning is determined by the City Council following a public hearing.
In considering an application for rezoning, factors such as the surrounding zoning and land use, the appropriateness of the activity at the subject location, and provisions for buffering between incompatible land uses are taken into account.